Teach Relative Clauses in a Fun Way [How]


When it comes to teaching a topic as essential as relative clauses, finding ways to make it engaging and enjoyable is of utmost importance. Language learning can sometimes be perceived as daunting or tedious, especially when dealing with complex grammatical concepts. However, incorporating fun and interactive activities into the lesson can transform the learning experience for ESL students.

By making the topic of relative clauses fun, teachers can create a positive and engaging environment where students are actively involved in the learning process. These enjoyable activities not only capture students’ attention but also foster their motivation to learn and retain the information effectively. When students are having fun while learning, they become more receptive, actively participating, and internalizing the language rules without feeling overwhelmed or disinterested.

Moreover, incorporating fun activities into the lesson helps students form associations and connections with the concept of relative clauses. When students can relate the topic to real-life scenarios, games, or creative tasks, they gain a deeper understanding of how relative clauses are used in context. These practical applications of the concept enhance their language proficiency, enabling them to use relative clauses accurately and confidently in their spoken and written communication.

Relative Clauses [Activities for your Classroom]

Picture Storytelling

In this activity, students create a picture-based story using relative clauses. Provide each student with a set of random pictures or a sequence of images that tell a story. Students work individually or in pairs to write a story, incorporating relative clauses to describe the characters, actions, and settings in the pictures. This activity enhances their storytelling skills, encourages creativity, and reinforces the proper usage of relative clauses within a meaningful context.

Song Lyric Analysis

Select a popular song that contains multiple instances of relative clauses. Play the song and provide the lyrics to the students. In groups, students analyze the lyrics and identify the relative clauses used. They discuss the meaning and purpose of these clauses within the song. This activity not only engages students through music but also helps them develop their listening skills, grammar comprehension, and critical thinking abilities.

Role-Play Skits

Divide the class into small groups and assign each group a specific scenario or topic. Students create short role-play skits incorporating relative clauses to describe the characters, their relationships, and the situations. They can also use relative clauses to give directions or express preferences within the skit. Performing these skits in front of the class allows students to practice using relative clauses in a meaningful and interactive way, improving their speaking and communication skills.

Scavenger Hunt

Organize a scavenger hunt within the school or classroom, where students need to find specific objects or locations described using relative clauses. For example, students may search for items like “a book that was written by a Nobel laureate” or “a place where you can find historical artifacts.” This activity encourages students to actively use relative clauses to describe and identify objects or places, fostering their observational skills, critical thinking, and language production.

News Article Analysis

Provide students with news articles containing relative clauses. In pairs or small groups, students read and analyze the articles, identifying the relative clauses used and discussing their functions within the context. They can also rewrite the sentences with different relative pronouns to understand how the meaning changes. This activity enhances reading comprehension, grammar awareness, and vocabulary acquisition while exposing students to real-world language usage.

Guess Who?

Adapt the classic game “Guess Who?” to include relative clauses. Each student creates a character description using relative clauses without revealing the name. Students take turns asking questions using relative clauses to guess the character described by their classmates. This game promotes critical thinking, questioning skills, and the ability to generate accurate and descriptive relative clauses to provide clues.

Video or Movie Clips Analysis

Select short video clips or movie scenes that contain various examples of relative clauses. Play the clips and have students analyze and discuss the usage of relative clauses within the context. Students can identify the roles of relative clauses in describing characters, settings, actions, or relationships. This activity improves listening skills, visual comprehension, and the ability to identify and understand relative clauses in authentic media.

Story Chain

In this collaborative writing activity, students sit in a circle. Begin with a sentence that includes a relative clause and write it on the board. The next student continues the story by adding their own sentence with a relative clause, connecting it to the previous sentence. This process continues, with each student building upon the story using relative clauses. This activity promotes creativity, cooperative learning, and reinforces the proper use of relative clauses within a narrative structure.

Create a Relative Clause Board Game

Have students work in small groups to design and create a board game centered around the usage of relative clauses. They can create a game board, question cards, and rules that require players to form sentences using relative clauses. This hands-on activity encourages critical thinking, collaboration, and reinforces the understanding and application of relative clauses in a fun and interactive way.

Relative Clause Quiz Show

Organize a quiz show-style activity where students compete individually or in teams to answer questions about relative clauses. Prepare a set of questions that require students to identify, complete, or correct sentences containing relative clauses. The interactive nature of the quiz show format increases engagement, promotes healthy competition, and reinforces students’ understanding of relative clauses through recall and application.

By incorporating these diverse and engaging activities into the English lesson, ESL students can actively participate, practice, and internalize the usage of relative clauses. These activities provide opportunities for students to apply their knowledge in various contexts, enhancing their language skills, critical thinking abilities, and overall engagement in the learning process.


In conclusion, making the topic of relative clauses fun and engaging is a valuable approach in ESL classrooms. By incorporating interactive activities, games, and creative exercises, teachers can create an environment that promotes active learning, motivation, and comprehension. These fun-filled learning experiences not only capture students’ attention but also enhance their understanding and retention of relative clauses.

When students are actively engaged in enjoyable activities, they are more likely to participate, ask questions, and collaborate with their peers. This active involvement promotes meaningful interactions, language practice, and the development of critical thinking skills. Students can connect the concept of relative clauses to real-life situations, which helps them internalize the language rules and apply them in their communication.

Furthermore, fun and interactive activities enable students to form associations and connections with relative clauses, making the learning experience more memorable and effective. By relating the topic to everyday scenarios, music, stories, or games, students can grasp the usage of relative clauses within a meaningful context. This practical application helps solidify their understanding and paves the way for confident and accurate use of relative clauses in both spoken and written English.